Catalogue A# 0099-040 CG1
GPS 45D 43' 56" N / 108D 37' 15" W
Origin: South of I-94 and west of Pryor Creek on Red Horizon Drive
Common name: Juniper
Location: Children's Garden (old Medicinal Garden)
Number in accession: 2 (1 died)
This 15 inch Common juniper provides overall benefits of: $45 every year.
The common juniper may be a shrub or small tree. This is one of the most commonly found junipers throughout the world. It's typically found in dry, rocky, wooded hillsides or exposed slopes. The oil from the fleshy cones is used as flavoring and to make gin.
Tree or Plant Type: Shrub, Tree
Native Locale: Chicago area, Illinois, North America
Landscape Uses: Hedge, Massing, Utility, Windbreak
Size Range: Small tree (15-25 feet), Compact tree (10-15 feet), Large shrub (more than 8 feet), Medium shrub (5-8 feet)
Light Exposure: Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
Hardiness Zones: Zone 2, Zone 3, Zone 4, Zone 5 (Chicago), Zone 6, Zone 7, Zone 8
Soil Preference: Acid soil, Alkaline soil
Season of Interest: Early winter, Mid winter, Late winter, Early spring, Mid spring, Late spring, Early summer, Mid summer, Late summer, Early fall, Mid fall, Late fall
Flower Color & Fragrance: Inconspicuous
Shape or Form: Irregular, Upright
Growth Rate: Slow
Size & Form
Low spreading shrub or tree. Size varies by cultivar, typically 5 to 10 feet high and 8 to 12 feet wide with ascending branches.
Tree & Plant Care
Prefers open, sunny locations in light, sandy to well-drained soils, pH adaptable.
Good tolerance to windy sites.
Do not prune into center dead zone.
Disease, pests, and problems
Susceptible to juniper blight, twig blight, cedar-apple-rust, scale mites, aphids, bagworms and many other insect and disease problems.
Disease, pests, and problem resistance
Tolerant of black walnut toxicity.
Native geographic location and habitat
Found throughout North America into northern Mexico, Europe and Asia
Attracts birds & Butterflies
Birds eat the fleshy cones and disperse seeds
Bark color and texture
Reddish brown peeling off in strips.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Awl-shaped leaves are sharply pointed and spreading at a wide angle from the base, in whorls of three. Needles last on plant for three years before shedding.
Gray-green to blue green in summer turning yellow-green in winter.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Flowers are dioecious, with male and female on separate plants.
Flowers are wind pollinated.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Female cone is a purple-black berry-like cone with a bloomy, blue waxy coating.
The seeds are dispersed by birds.
Fruit is a diuretic and used to flavor gin.